Erzurum, city, eastern Turkey. It lies 6,400 feet (1,950 metres) above sea level in a fertile plain surrounded by high mountains. On a caravan route from Anatolia to Iran, Erzurum has been a major commercial and military centre since antiquity and is now a major rail station on the route between Ankara and Iran.
Although its foundation was probably much earlier, Erzurum achieved real importance as Theodosiopolis, a 5th-century-CE Byzantine fortress that fell to the Arabs in 653. Thereafter it was disputed among the Byzantines, Arabs, and Armenians until taken by the Seljuq Turks in 1071; it prospered in the early 13th century under Seljuq sultans. The Arabs and the Turks called it Arzan al-Rūm, or Arz al-Rūm (“Land of the Romans”), from which its present name is derived. It came under Ottoman control in 1515. The city was occupied by Russian forces in 1829, 1878, and 1916–18. It was in Erzurum, in July 1919, that Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk) presided over the first Turkish nationalist congress, leading to the establishment of the Turkish republic.
The city is important as a centre for trade in livestock, but it has little industry other than a sugar beet factory; local craftsmen still excel in metalwork and saddlery. Historically important buildings include Seljuq theological colleges (1253 and 1308), the Great Mosque (12th century), and royal mausoleums (12th and 13th centuries). There is a local archaeological museum. Erzurum is the seat of Atatürk University (1957). The city has a large Kurdish population. The surrounding region is drained by the Karasu River, a headstream of the Euphrates, and the Aras and Çoruh rivers. Agricultural products include wheat, barley, millet, sugar beets, and vegetables. Pop. (2000) 361,235; (2013 est.) 384,399.
The Erzurum lies on 1923m above sea level Generally, it is cold and temperate in Erzurum. The rainfall in Erzurum is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. The climate here is classified as Dfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average annual temperature is 6.1 °C | 43.0 °F in Erzurum. Precipitation here is about 476 mm | 18.7 inch per year.
Erzurum, Turkey (Administrative unit: Erzurum) – last known population is ≈ 386 400 (year 2014). This was 0.498% of total Turkey population. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2011-2014 (+0.35%/year), Erzurum population in 2020 would be: 394 586*.
How to get Erzurum:
The Doğu Express runs daily from Ankara to Erzurum, departing at 18:00 and arriving 20 hours later around 14:00. This train continues to Kars, taking another 4 hours. The return train leaves Kars around 08:00 and Erzurum around noon. There are couchettes and a buffet. The main stops along the route are Kayseri, Sivas, and Erzincan, for details and reservations see Turkish Railways website.
There’s also a “tourist” version of this train, running daily year-round. It makes long stops for sightseeing eastbound at İliç, Erzincan and Erzurum; the westbound train calls at Erzurum around 02:00 then makes long stops at Divriği and Bostankaya. You’re tied to the train schedule without flexibility of stopover. The accommodation is in standard sleeping cars, which have been purloined from the conventional train, so the travel experience on that has been degraded.
A high-speed railway line is under construction from Ankara towards Erzurum and Kars. This will greatly reduce journey times when the first section to Sivas opens, perhaps in 2020.
Erzurum Airport (ERZ IATA) (10 km from city center). Daily flights from Istanbul (by Onur Air, Turkish Airlines, and Pegasus) and direct flights from Izmir, Ankara, and Antalya. In winter, there are also flights from Russia and Ukraine.
Most bus services use Erzurum Otogar, which is about 10 km away from the city centre. Take a local bus or taxi to the centre.
Buses from Trabzon in the north, on the Black Sea coast, take around 4½ and cost 30 TL (but, if you don’t look too much like a tourist, it might be possible to bargain it down to 25 TL), while buses from Diyarbakır in the south take a little more than 6 hours and have the standard fare of 50 TL, which might be bargainable down to 35 TL.
Events & Festivals:
As you know, Erzurum enjoys a mountain and cold climate and this issue has provided many tourist attractions for this beauty city. It is a very ideal location for those sportsmen who want to experience a new field in mountain climbing.
But in winter season, we are witness for travelling of many international tourists into Erzurum for Ice climbing and ski.
You can have a new and memorable travel to Erzurum in winter season to experience what never you have done!
Nene Hatun National Park
Nene Hatun is one of the most important women of the entire Turkish history. She was leading a group in order to retake the place taken from themselves. This park is built on Mecidiye and Aziziye redoubts, where they tried to retake.
Tortum Waterfall is only one example of natural beauties of Erzurum. You can enjoy astonishing view and relax yourself while swimming in the lake.
Coruh Valley is a place where you can try nature sports, such as rafting, trekking, or mountain climbing.
Skiing at Palandoken Skiing Resorts
Palandoken is the most popular destination for winter tourism in Turkey. You can try every kind of winter sport and enjoy the refreshing atmosphere.
Erzurum Castle is built by Byzantines centuries ago. Today, unfortunately it is destructed mostly, but what’s remained is protected strictly.
Çifte Minareli Medrese
The Çifte Minareli Medrese is thought to be the model for the Gök Medrese in Sivas.
According to the inscription on the portal, it was built in 1271 by Khudavand Khatun, the daughter of Seljuq Sultan Kayqubad I. XIII. on the half-century after the Seljuk period’s cultural life and development activities and is seen as an important circuit. In this century Buruciye Madrasa, Madrasa and Double Minaret Madrasah heavens like stone, brick and tile art of Anatolia, they constitute the most important works.
The east entrance of the madrasa and the enormous stone facade of ornamental brick and tile masonry with two minarets are remarkable. Erzurum, Sivas Gök Medrese with Double Minaret Theological School are learning that similar two-storey building.
Front, middle two minarets, portals, and windows on two sides with corner towers are composed. Is being placed in front of a symmetry between the windows are not decorated.
On each side of the entrance there is a panel. The right side is decorated with a double-headed eagle. The motif on the left side does not seem to be completed.
Yakutiye Medrese is a historical 14th century Madrasa in Erzurum, Turkey. The madrasa was built in 1310 by order of a local governor of the Ilkhanids, Hoca Yakut, and it is named after him.
The cluster of three tomb towers known as Üç Kümbetler (“Three Tombs”) is located just south of the city center of modern Erzurum. In the medieval period, the tombs would have lay outside the city walls not far from Tabriz Kapısı (Tabriz Gate). The largest tomb, locally referred to as the Tomb of Emir Saltuk, is tentatively dated to the late twelfth century/sixth century AH. Based on stylistic comparisons, scholars date the other two tombs that are unmarked and unnamed to the fourteenth century/eighth century AH.
All three tomb towers are based on the same type of plan: a cylindrical or polygonal shaft with a conical roofs. The Tomb of Emir Saltuk is distinguished by its octagonal plan with sides rising to a short gable under its roof, which is squatter than the others. The other two tombs have cylindrical bodies decorated with a series of blind arches and conical roofs.
Malls & Shopping centers:
The Palerium Mall
Address: Muratpaşa, Palerium avm, Cumhuriyet Cd., 25000 Yakutiye/Erzurum, Turkey
MNG Avm Mall
Address: Lalapaşa, Somunoğlu Cd. No83, 25100 Yakutiye/Erzurum, Turkey
Dumlu AVM mall
Address: Muratpaşa, Cumhuriyet Cad., 25100 Yakutiye/Erzurum, Turkey
Hotels & Residencies:
- OTEL AMİLLER
Amiller Hotel is located in the heart of Erzurum. The property also has a terrace. Free WiFi access is available throughout the property.
Each room here will provide you with a TV and a minibar. Featuring a shower, private bathroom also comes with a hairdryer. Extras include a desk.
At Amiller Hotel you will find a 24-hour front desk, providing room service. Laundry, dry cleaning and ironing services are available upon request at an additional charge.
Daily breakfast is served in open buffet style. Guest can have their breakfast in room upon request.
The hotel is 400 m from Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque. Erzurum Airport is about 13 km away.
Located 1.3 km from Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque, Plexianth is situated in the Erzurum City Center district of Erzurum. The guest house features family rooms.
All units in the guest house are equipped with a flat-screen TV.
A buffet breakfast is available daily at Plexianth.
The nearest airport is Erzurum Airport, 14 km from the accommodation.
- Plex Hotel
Set in Erzurum, 3.7 km from Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque, Plex Hotel offers accommodation with free bikes, free private parking, a bar and a shared lounge. The accommodation features a shared kitchen and free WiFi throughout the property. The nearest airport is Erzurum Airport, 17 km from the hostel.
- Dedeman Palandoken Ski Lodge Hotel
This lodge boasts some of the best ski slopes in Europe, as well as comfortable and relaxed surroundings originating from the authentic atmosphere of the nearby town of Erzurum.
The mountains, which are covered with snow for 5 months of the year, boast Turkey’s longest and widest range of ski trails. The blend of challenging skiing and beautiful mountain views makes for an exhilarating skiing holiday.
With a cosy atmosphere, great after-ski activities, beautiful views, and crisp mountain air, the hotel provides a great opportunity for those looking to enjoy nature and peace of mind.
Solo travellers particularly like the location — they rated it 9.1 for a one-person stay.
- OTEL ÇINAR
Located in Erzurum, OTEL ÇINAR offers accommodation with free WiFi and flat-screen TV, as well as a shared lounge.
There is a fully equipped private bathroom with shower and free toiletries.
A buffet breakfast is available daily at the bed and breakfast.
Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque is 1 km from OTEL ÇINAR. The nearest airport is Erzurum, 17 km from the accommodation, and the property offers a paid airport shuttle service.
- Ve Hotels Palandöken
Set in Erzurum, 2.4 km from Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque, Ve Hotels Palandöken features rooms with mountain views and free WiFi. Boasting a 24-hour front desk, this property also provides guests with a restaurant.
All guest rooms in the hotel are fitted with a kettle. At Ve Hotels Palandöken all rooms include a wardrobe and a flat-screen TV.
Buffet and à la carte breakfast options are available every morning at the accommodation.
Guests at Ve Hotels Palandöken will be able to enjoy activities in and around Erzurum, like skiing.
The nearest airport is Erzurum Airport, 13 km from the hotel.
- güzelyalı konakları
Set in Yarımca in the East Anatolia region, güzelyalı konakları has a garden. The property features garden views and is 9 km from Erzurum.
This apartment is fitted with 1 bedroom, a kitchen with a dishwasher and a microwave, a flat-screen TV, a seating area and 2 bathrooms. For added convenience, the property can provide towels and bed linen for an extra charge.
A ski equipment rental service, ski-to-door access and a ski pass sales point are all featured at the apartment, and guests can go skiing in the surroundings.
The nearest airport is Erzurum Airport, 16 km from güzelyalı konakları.
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