This area has been inhabited since the earliest times. The oldest artefacts, found in the Karain Cave (Karain Mağarası) 2km inland from Antalya, date back to the Palaeolithic period. As a city, Antalya is not as old as many others that once lined this coast, but it is still prospering while the older ones are dead.
Founded by Attalus II of Pergamum in the 1st century BC, the city was named Attaleia after its founder. When the Pergamene kingdom was bequeathed to Rome, Attaleia became a Roman city. Emperor Hadrian visited here in AD 130 and a triumphal arch (now known as Hadrian’s Gate) was built in his honour.
The Byzantines took over from the Romans but in 1207 the Seljuk Turks based in Konya snatched the city from them and gave Antalya a new version of its name, and also its symbol, the Yivle Minare (Grooved Minaret). After the Mongols broke the Seljuk grip on power, Antalya was held for a while by the Turkish Hamidoğullari emirs. It was taken by the Ottomans in 1391.
After WWI the Allies divided up the Ottoman Empire. Italy got Antalya in 1918, but by 1921 Atatürk’s armies had put an end to all such foreign holdings.
- The current population of Antalya in 2020 is 1,254,000, a 2.87% increase from 2019.
- The population of Antalya in 2019 was 1,219,000, a 2.96% increase from 2018.
- The population of Antalya in 2018 was 1,184,000, a 2.96% increase from 2017.
- The population of Antalya in 2017 was 1,150,000, a 3.05% increase from 2016.
Geography and climate:
Antalya province is situated in south-west Anatolia, between the longitudes 29°20′-32°35’East and latitudes 36°07′-37°29’North. The province covers an area of 26% (20591 sq m) of Turkey. The southern border of the province is the Mediterranean sea while the Taurus mountains draw the land border.
The Antalya lies on 57m above sea level The climate in Antalya is warm and temperate. The winter months are much rainier than the summer months in Antalya. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Csa. The average annual temperature in Antalya is 18.6 °C | 65.5 °F. About 1009 mm | 39.7 inch of precipitation falls annually.
- Ancient monuments include the City Walls, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian’s Gate (also known as Triple Gate), and the Clock Tower.
- Hadrian’s Gate: constructed in the 2nd century by the Romans in honor of the Emperor Hadrian.
- İskele Mosque: A 19th-century Mosque near the marina.
- Karatay Medrese: A Medrese (Islamic theological seminary) built in 1250 by Emir Celaleddin Karatay.
- Kesik Minare (Broken Minaret) Mosque: Once a Roman temple then converted to a Byzantine Panayia church and finally into a mosque.
- Tekeli Mehmet Paşa Mosque: An 18th-century Mosque built in honor of Tekeli Mehmet Paşa.
- Yat Limanı: the harbour dating to Roman era.
- Yivli Minare (Fluted Minaret) Mosque: Built by the Seljuks and decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles. This minaret eventually became the symbol of the city.
Wi-Fi connection is available at the arrival and departure halls of the Antalya Airport Terminal. Internet service is provided through DorukNet.
Also, internet access is free at the CIP Terminals of Antalya Airport.
But like other cities of Turkey, you can use Turkish sim cards to access 4G and LTE internet. Of course, if you would like to use cheaper and economic internet service, it is better to replace the Wi-Fi services delivered at your residency hotels.
HOW TO GET TO ANTALYA
Antalya is located in the south of Turkey, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, is Turkey’s most popular tourist area. This coastal city offers many transportation options to reach the city.
It is very easy to reach to Antalya, by car or by coach. Antalya has great coach connections from all cities and even towns from Turkey, especially, Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and all major cities.
Antalya Bus terminal is welcoming coaches 24 hours of a day and only 10 km to the city center and it is very easy with public transportation to reach all the edges of Antalya and its province.
Antalya’s international airports provide easy access for domestic and foreign visitors. The high capacity of airports in Antalya serve the tourists worldwide arrived here.
Antalya Airport caters for the charter flights full of holiday makers. There are plenty of international and domestic flights to Antalya.
The new airport Gazipasa Airport opened up in 2012 and is based near Alanya. It is a large investment by the Turkish government to relieve some of the pressure from tourist traffic through the main Antalya airport.
It is also possible to reach Antalya by sea. Antalya has a big international pier which the Cruise Ships are arriving, and also Yacht Harbors where you can come by your private or chartered yacht from, Mediterranean Countries. Main Pier and Yacht Harbor is only 8 km to the city center.
HOW TO GET AROUND ANTALYA?
Getting around Antalya is relatively easy for visitors once they have adjusted to the area and oriented themselves.
You can get around Antalya by diverse means of transportation. Buses and trams are usually on time and taxis or dolmus are relatively cheap. The public transportation consists of four different options which can be combined to get to all attractions and popular locations.
The main mode of public transportation is the local bus which gets visitors to nearly every part of the city. One of the best ways to get around Antalya is via buses that have their stations in the heart of Antalya. The bus routes passes by the major destinations and tourist attractions of the city.
The minibuse is a perfectly legitimate and efficient mode of transportation and visitors are encouraged to try it, not only for the purpose of conveniently getting around Antalya but also for the experience of local travel. Aside from buses, the city also has a minibuse, a local mode of transportation. Payment of the fare is usually done as soon as you sit down and trips within the city may cost cheap.
The third method of transportation is the tram which goes to a limited number of locations but is useful for visitors because it does hit many major attractions. Tram is inexpensive and convenient for certain destinations. Antalya’s tramvay has 10 stops, and provides the simplest way to travel from one end of town to the other.
Licensed taxis in Antalya are yellow and have registration numbers on the sides. Taxis are a practical, comfortable, convenient and speedy way to get around Antalya, but distances in the sprawling city can make for fairly high taxi fares. If you have a lot of baggage, a taxi is the way to go.
When you speak of Antalya, first comes to mind sea-sand-sun trio, Antalya’s unique souvenirs and Antalya tastes are also famous.
When you speak of Antalya, first comes to mind sea-sand-sun trio, Antalya’s unique souvenirs and Antalya tastes are also famous. Antalya has many areas that will provide a holiday full of natural wonders, pristine blue-flag seas, and landscapes suitable for nature sports, cultural and entertaining activities. Natural wonders of Antalya cannot finish with telling, must to visit of Antalya, we cannot pass through without mention the beaches.
The length of the coast of Antalya which is Turkey’s most important tourism center, including coves and ness- is 640 km. In Antalya, where you can do such a wide range of summer and winter activities, if you only take a stroll along the coastline, it is better to plan at least a week’s vacation. When making your holiday plans, first of all, there should be seasonal conditions and weather conditions. If you want your holiday plan to be as you wish, to know the weather in advance and follow, is one of the factors that will make you happy on holiday. You plan a vacation, the weather is perfect, and then what?
Because of to have long coastline with coves and ness, you will have a different experience in each bay in Antalya and What to eat? What to drink? Where to go? These are the questions you should ask. Those who are curious about the places to see in Antalya without deviating from the purpose of this article. Let’s look at the suitable to be used as a present which make your Antalya holiday immortal.
Do not complete your holiday without buying at least one of the magnets of Antalya where the nature and natural beauties of the magnet collectors will be happy. The Antalya magnets will be the most beneficial Antalya gift that will appeal to both your eyes and your budget, especially with the beach images, caretta caretta, Hadrian (Castle Gate) in Kaleiçi, Hıdırlık Tower and small gift designs of local rugs and female figures.
- Deri Giysiler
You will find many Antalya souvenir gifts in the Mall of Antalya & Deepo leather stores where 100% genuine leather and processed leather products.
- Turkish delight
The most important factor of the flavor and energetic effect of Turkish delight produced in Afyonkarahisar- is the region’s unique climate and soil structure. This natural structure, which is specific to the region, provides a significant privilege in the production of the raw materials required for the production of Turkish delight. This terrific flavor from Afyon is now in Mall of Antalya with many sweet choices
- Turkish coffee
Turkish coffee provides energy to the body and opens the mind. This effect begins to show itself shortly after consumption and continues on the body for 8 hours. One of the most important effects of Turkish coffee is that it is good for depression and stress problems. In addition to this, it has the feature of resolving problems such as heart health, cancer and skin health. An average of 2 cups of Turkish coffee a day, provides health benefits, but also shares satiety. You can buy Turkish coffee in the Mall of Antalya Turkish Delight Shop at the store of Turkish coffee with packed products.
Thanks to the butter and sugar in its content, 1 slice of baklava makes you feel peaceful, calm and full, it makes you feel energized as if doping. In the classical expression of happiness, there is no provision for money. In fact, there is no evidence that the butter gives direct happiness, but when you eat baklava, your blood sugar is almost balanced. Balanced blood sugar means calmness and tranquility. Although not often, for a peaceful and energetic day, we recommend you to try the delicious Baklava varieties of Turkish Delight Workshop. You can taste Baklava varieties as Antalya gift at the Mall of Antalya Turkish Delight Shop and buy them in gift packages.
Where to shop?
Known for its beautiful beaches and historic sights, Antalya is much more than just one of Turkey’s most popular summer resort towns. The city’s colorful street markets and bazaars offer a way to not only become acquainted with the locals but to also shop like them. Check out the best places to shop in Antalya.
One of the best places to indulge in some retail therapy in Antalya is undoubtedly in its old district, also known as Kaleiçi. Walk along the cobblestone streets, past the many beautiful Ottoman style timber houses, and check out the shops in which you can explore some of the best wares that Antalya has to offer. Local souvenirs, jewelry, clothing, antiques, and carpets are all available and can be found around the mains shopping streets of Cumhuriyet, Güllük, and Atatürk.
Kaleiçi, Muratpaşa, Antalya
Antalya has a lot of traditional outdoor neighborhood markets, but one of the biggest is the indoor market in the Çağlayan neighborhood. Here, you’ll find an amazing selection of fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, nuts, spices, and olive varieties that have been brought in from the villages in the vicinity of the city. The bazaar is also a great place to observe the locals, who come here to do their weekly shopping.
Çağlayan Mahallesi Kapalı Pazar Yeri, Antalya, +90 541 334 51 51
Antalya Kaleiçi Marina
If you’re looking to visit stores that carry local and international fashion brands, or are in need of equipment for diving or water sports, then head to Kaleiçi Marina, which also happens to offer beautiful views of the sea. When you’re done with your shopping, take a seat at one of the many cafes and restaurants and relax by the water.
Selçuk Mah., İskele Cad. 38/B, 07040 Muratpaşa/Antalya, +90 242 248 45 33
If you’re more of the shopping center kind of person, Antalya won’t disappoint you with its many options. Head to TerraCity Mall, the city’s largest shopping mall with over 150 stores and 30 restaurants, and you’ll be sure to find whatever it is you’re looking for. There is also a huge Migros supermarket here in case you need to stock up on food.
TerraCity Mall, Fener Mahallesi, Tekelioğlu Cd. No:55, 07160 Muratpaşa/Antalya, +90 242 318 18 18
İki Kapılı Han
For a more historic experience, head over to this old, beautiful and covered bazaar from the late 15th century that is just north of Antalya’s old town, Kaleiçi. It’s a great place to find handmade souvenirs, and make sure you visit the jewelers, copper workshops, and metalwork craftsmen, as well as the merchants selling beautiful textiles, Iznik style tiles, and spices.
Balbey Mahallesi, 403 Sok. İki Kapılı Han D:27/43, 07040 Muratpaşa/Antalya, +90 530 158 07 23
Lara Street Market
Set up every Saturday, this is Antalya’s biggest street bazaar (known as pazar in Turkish). You’ll find stalls selling clothing, jewelry, accessories, bags, and souvenirs, as well as fresh produce, herbs, and ready-made foods. This is definitely the place to go if you’re a passionate bargain hunter or just want to mingle with the locals who are doing their bulk buying on a sunny afternoon.
- Medical Park Hospital
- Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
- Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
6. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
- Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
8. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
9. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hastanesi
Where and what to eat
Antalya’s cuisine is a real surf and turf kind of deal with fresh fish from the sea as well as amazing grilled meat varieties. There is also the traditional Turkish breakfast that keeps you full for hours. Make sure to feast on these dishes while you’re in Antalya.
Breakfast at Ayşegül Hanım’ın Çiftliği
Breakfast is an important start to the day, and Ayşegül Hanım’ın Çiftliği (Miss Ayşegül’s Farm) is one of the best places to get the classic Turkish breakfast. Sitting in a lovely garden, you’ll feast on organic eggs, cheese and olive varieties, tomatoes and cucumber, Turkish breakfast pastries, and plenty of freshly brewed Turkish tea.
Seafood at Antalya Balık Evi
One of the best seafood restaurants in Antalya, Antalya Balık Evi also happens to have an amazing view of the Mediterranean. Choose your fish from the display, and make sure to start out the meal with some meze such as salted bonito or shrimp in saffron sauce.
Grilled meat at 7 Mehmet
One of Antalya’s most famous restaurants, 7 Mehmet sits on a hill that overlooks the beautiful Konyaaltı Beach. As expected, everything on the menu is prepared perfectly, especially the grilled meats such as kuzu tandır (slow-cooked lamb) and roasted veal with iç pilavı (rice with currants, nuts, and chopped liver).
Börek at Börekçi Tevfik
Börek is a savory pastry filled with various ingredients and baked to crispy perfection, and in Antalya, Tevfik is the börek expert. The super-thin hand-rolled dough is the secret behind this börek, filled with minced meat or cheese or topped with powdered sugar as a sweet treat.
Ice cream at Akdeniz Dondurma
What’s summer without some ice cream, right? Akdeniz Dondurma stands out with its ice cream made from goat’s milk, creating a thick consistency that really hits the sweet tooth spot. Caramel, melon, sour cherry, almond, pistachio—you’ll have a hard time choosing.
Shish kebab at Şişçi Ramazan
Shish kebab is really an art form at Şişçi Ramazan, which cooks up köfte (meatballs), lamb, and chicken on skewers until they reach their juicy best. Make sure to try the Antalya-style piyaz (bean salad) with tahini.
Yenge at Evren Büfe
A büfe is a traditional joint that serves up Turkish fast food favorites, and Evren Büfe is the favorite in Antalya. Here you’ll find excellent Yenge, a hefty sandwich with melted cheese, salami, sausage, sucuk, tomatoes, and pickles, accompanied by (of course) French fries.
Wings at Kanatçı Ali Asker
Ali Asker has a special sauce with which he marinates his chicken wings, and locals and visitors have become quite fond of his secret recipe. You’ll end up eating a few too many, but that’s the point when you’re on vacation anyway.
Paça soup at Paçacı Şaban
Paça soup is an acquired taste because it’s composed of broth plus sheep’s brains, head, or foot meat and lots of herbs. We promise it’s very delicious, plus it’s the prime Turkish cure for a hangover, which is why Paçacı Şaban is open from 7 am until 4:30 am.
Grilled chicken at Parlak Restaurant
Parlak has become an Antalya favorite because of its very simple but excellent menu: whole roasted chicken accompanied by buttery rice or bulgur. You’ll love watching their cooking technique as well, which involves two long spits with around 20 chickens roasting perfectly over the charcoal.
Antalya’s natural features provide excellent opportunities for local and foreign visitors. From beautiful national parks and valleys to amazing canyons and gurgling waterfalls, Antalya offers numerous unique experiences for your nature holiday. Do not miss the natural beauties of Antalya where sea, mountains and pine forests meet in harmony.
ALTINBESIK NATIONAL PARK
Altinbesik Cave National Park is one of the most beautiful parks and caves of Turkey. Carstic topography of the environment and pine forests forms a beautiful landscape of the national park. Discover the world’s 3rd largest underground water cave.
TERMESSOS NATIONAL PARK
Gulluk Mountain (Termessos) National Park is one of the most spectacular areas in Turkey, situated at the foot of the Taurus Mountains to the northwest of Antalya. The national park is 34 km away from Antalya city centre.
KOPRULU CANYON NATIONAL PARK
Koprulu Canyon National Park is a paradise of the world, the country’s most popular rafting area. The national park is perfect for hiking, or to explore the ancient ruins, or just to enjoy the dramatic Mediterranean scenery.
One of Turkey’s most important summer resort towns, Antalya has plenty of beaches that range from tourist favourites to more local beaches with historic ruins and a relaxed vibe. Whatever you’re looking for, Antalya’s best beaches definitely offer something for every traveller.
Also known as Olympos, due to the remains that stem from the ancient Lycian town, Çıralı is certainly one of Antalya’s most beautiful beaches with a historic twist. The pebbled beach is usually filled with locals that stay at one of the many family-run hostels and guesthouses in the area. You’ll love Çıralı because of its natural beauty and its down-to-earth vibe without the big resorts for which Antalya is known for.
One of the most popular beaches in Antalya, Konyaaltı is tucked between the cliffs and the Beydağları mountains, which means it’s absolutely stunning, of course. Here, you’ll find plenty of space since the beach stretches out for miles, which means you’ll always have your own patch of sand to lie on in the sun. There are also plenty of restaurants and cafes in the surrounding villages that are mostly frequented by locals just like in Çıralı.
Also known as the Turquoise Coast, you’ll need to rent a car to really discover all the amazing spots along this stretch, located north of Olympos. The ruins of Phaselis, an ancient Greek and Roman city, are divided into three small bays, where you can swim in its extremely clear water.
If you’re fan of beautiful fine sand, then Lara Beach is the perfect place for a whole day of beach bum contentment. With around 450 acres of land, this beach also has its fair share of beach clubs, restaurants, cafes and nightclubs, which means this beach is not the place for solitude but for entertainment by the water’s edge. Here, you can also get active with activities like beach volleyball and water sports.
Even though Patara is a few hours away from Antalya’s city centre by car, it is definitely worth a mention since it’s one of the region’s most beautiful beaches. We’re talking about 18 km of white sand where the dark blue waves come crashing in endlessly. This beach also has a protected area for caretta-caretta turtles, who come here to lay their eggs.